Sunday, October 8, 2017

Kentucky Butter Cake Version 2

Oleh kerana baru2 ni borong French butter banyak from Hero, maka, kena la merajinkan diri buat kek kan. Kang ada orang mengamuk and buang those butter, tak ke haru.. Hehe..

Since I am no longer an avid Baker, kena cari recipe yg simple je, yg this makcik can digest and siap kan within 30 mins. Google punya Google, I stumbled upon this recipe again. I did bake this recipe few months /years ago. This time aku decided to make some alteration to the original recipe.

Kentucky Butter Cake
2 1/2 cups flour
1 cups white sugar
1 teaspoon baking powder
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 cup buttermilk
250gram salted butter
2 teaspoons vanilla extract
4 eggs
Sauce
1/2 cup white sugar
1/3 cup butter
1/4 cup water
2 teaspoons vanilla extract

Directions

Preheat oven to 325 degrees F (160 degrees C).
Grease and flour a 10 inch pan (I did not use a bundt pan because sometimes it'd hard to take the cake out from it)
In a large bowl, mix the flour with the baking soda and baking powder.

In a mixer, beat the sugar, vanilla and butter for 3 minutes until light and fluffy at medium speed. Add the eggs, one at a time, beat until well blended. Alternate between buttermilk and flour mixture in 3 addition, and beat for another 1 min in high speed. Pour batter into prepared pan.

Bake in preheated oven for 60 minutes, or until a wooden toothpick inserted into center of cake comes out clean. Prick holes in the still warm cake. Slowly pour sauce over cake. Let cake cool before removing from pan.

To Make Butter Sauce:

In a saucepan combine the remaining 1/2 cups sugar, 1/3 cup butter, 2 teaspoons vanilla, and the water. Cook over medium heat, until fully melted and combined, but do not boil.


Friday, September 1, 2017

Date cake

Lepas Ramadan, kurma memang tak laku especially yg dry ones. Semalam kemas peti sejuk, sayang nak buang kurma sebab it's super food. Maka, terpaksa la aku gagahkan jugak diri menggoogle recipe kek kurma. After reading the reviews, aku jatuh hati pada kek ni. And true enough, the taste, masya Allah... So good!

1 1/2 cups water
1  cup raisins
1 cup dates, pitted and chopped
1 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 cup butter
1/2 cup white sugar
2 eggs
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1/4 teaspoon salt
4 tablespoons butter
1/3 cup brown sugar
2 tablespoons heavy cream (I used milk)
1/2 cup chopped walnuts

Directions
Prep
1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Grease and flour a 2 X 9 inch square pan.

 In a saucepan, combine water and raisins. Bring to a boil and cook for 5 minutes. Remove from heat and stir in chopped dates and baking soda. Set aside, cool it a bit. 

In a large bowl, cream together 1/2 cup butter and 1/2 cup white sugar until light and fluffy. Beat in the eggs one at a time, then stir in the vanilla. Beat in the flour, salt and date mixture. Pour batter into prepared pan.

Bake in the preheated oven for 45 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into the center of the cake comes out clean. Remove cake from oven, and set oven to Broil.

Make Topping: In a saucepan, melt 4 tablespoons of butter. Stir in brown sugar, cream and chopped nuts. Spread mixture over warm cake and place under broiler until lightly browned, about 3 minutes. Watch carefully - it burns easily under the broiler. Cool before serving

This cake is so worth it!

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Bulgogi Chicken

Lunch tadi, aku pegi to a Korean restaurant kat Ampang Point. Mina suggested bulgogi chicken. Sedap sangat! Tapi a  a bit oily for my taste. So tadi balik  I rumah, aku terus google the recipe sebab nak masak for dinner. Masya Allah... sedap! Iman pun suka sangat. Makan dengan beras pendek (beras jepun).

Chicken Bulgogi
Bahan2
1kg isi ayam - hiris kecil (saya guna 1 ekor ayam 1.6kg, potong 20)
3 labu  bawang besar - potong 8
3 tangkai daun bawang - potong panjang
2 sudu besar bawang putih tumbuk
2 sudu besar minyak masak

Bahan B
2 sudu besar halia tumbuk
3 sudu besar gochujang
2 sudu besar gula perang
2 sudu besar madu
4 sudu besar kicap cair/kicap soup korea
2 sudu besar minyak bijan
2 sudu besar chili flakes (gochugaru)
1 sudu besar serbuk lada hitam
1 sudu besar bijan yg disangai (untuk hiasan)

Cara2
1. Campurkan bahan B dan ayam. perap ayam selama 3 jam didalam peti.
2. Panaskan minyak, masukkan bawang hingga 3/4 garing. Kemudian, masukkan ayam. Masak ayam sehingga garing dan kering. Masukkan daun bawang dan bijan.
3. Makan dengan nasi panas! Sedap!


Note : Aku tak masukkan garam sebab dah cukup masin.


http://crazykoreancooking.com/spicy-chicken-bulgogi


Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Butter Cake, soft and fluffy

Kalau tengok Cara buat, macam malas je sebab Kena whisk egg whites. But, if you do it, you will be surprised how that simple step can totally revamp how your butter cake taste like.

Butter Cake (mrs ng SK)
From domesticgoddesswannabe
Serves 8

Ingredients
250g Salted Butter, room temperature
4 egg yolks
150g caster sugar
200g self-raising flour, sifted
100ml fresh milk
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
4 egg whites
50g caster sugar

Instructions
In the bowl of a mixer, cream the butter and sugar (150g) until it turns light and fluffy. Scrape the sides of the bowl occasionally. Be patient and let the machine do its work!

Add the egg yolks, one a time and beat it in before adding the next.

Beat in the vanilla extract. Fold in half the flour.
Add the milk and mix. Add the remaining flour and fold until just incorporated.

Scrape the bowl and give the batter one final mix. Set this aside.

In a clean mixing bowl, whisk the egg whites until it turns foamy. Slowly and gradually, add the sugar (50g), whisking all the while. Whisk this until stiff peaks form.Transfer 1/3 of the egg whites into the egg yolk batter. Beat this in.

Gently fold the remaining egg whites in 2 batches until all the egg whites have been incorporated.Pour this into a lined and greased 8×8-inch baking pan.

Bake at 170°C for 45 minutes.When the cake is done (insert a skewer it the cake and if it emerges cleanly it is done), let the cake rest for 5 minutes in the pan before carefully transferring onto a wire rack to cool completely.

Cut into slices and enjoy!


Thursday, June 23, 2016

Daging Masak Itam Nasik Kandar

I love this diah. Rasa macam yang dijual di Dharbar/Durbar. Kat Melawati dulu ada kedai mamak nama Durbar. Kalau weekend, memang seksa nak cari tempat duduk for breakfast. Sadly, lepas ada Deen Nasik Kandar kat sebelah dia, Durbar terus merosot. Lama2 tutup. I missed their roti canai and daging kicap. Superb!

Daging Masak Itam Nasik Kandar
Recipe asal : Mamak Haji
Bahan-bahan :
1 kg  Daging (dipotong hiris mengikut urat daging jadikan 14 keping). 2 biji  Bawang labu besar  belah dua memanjang , dihiris
100 gm Rempah kari Daging ( dari bungkusan 250gm). 1/2 sudu kecil (tsp) serbuk Jintan Putih.
1/2 sudu kecil Serbuk (tsp)  Jintan Manis
1/2  sudu kecil (tsp) Serbuk Kas-kas ( tidak kemestian). 1 sudu kecil (tsp) Garam Masala optional.
100gm serbuk cili
4 sudu besar (tbsp) sos cili.
2 sudu besar (tbsp) sos tomato.
1 sudu besar (tbsp) gula pasir.
7 sudu besar (tbsp) Kicap Pekat Mee (tamim amat sesuai)
Garam secukup rasa.

Bahan untuk kisar / Tumis:
2 biji bawang labu besar dikisar
2 sudu besar pes halia bawang putih.  1 batang serai di ketuk di pangkal.  2 helai daun pandan di potong 3" .  3 tangkai daun kari.
2 batang Kayu manis, 5 biji pelaga + 4 bunga lawang + 8 cengkih.
2 senduk Minyak masak.

CARA PENYEDIAAN:
1. Panaskan kuali dan masukan minyak masak. Bila minyak panas, masukan campuran 4 sekawan , daun pandan,  dan serai. Goreng hingga bau harum.
2. Masukan hirisan bawang kacau sehingga keemasan.
3.Masukan pes halia bawang putih , dikuti dengan bawang kisar. Tumis sehingga bau harum.
4. Masukan serbuk cili. Kacau sebentar.
5. Masukkan daging, sos tomato Dan Cili, kicap serta rempah kari. Masak sehingga daging empuk. Masukkan garam Dan gula serta Cili hijau, Cili merah, tomato Dan sedikit daun ketumbar.

Saturday, June 11, 2016

Chocolate Creamcheese Cake

A slice of sin. Thats best to describe this cake. It's the best ever chocolate cream cheese cake I've ever tasted. Memang sedap, boleh nangis sebab terlalu sedap. Err... description aku melampau ke? Hahahaha.. tak tipu. Serious. But very important to keep the cake chilled for at least 24 hours. Lepas 24 jam baru makan. Bawak tissue banyak2, nangis tepi pinggan sambil tunggu 24 jam tu ye. Hahahaha


Chocolate cream cheese cake

Ingredients

  • 1 1/2 cup graham cracker crumbs
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1/4 cup butter, melted
  • FILLING:
  • 4 packages (8 ounces each) cream cheese, softened
  • 1-1/3 cups sugar
  • 1 package (10 ounces) 60% cacao bittersweet chocolate baking chips, melted and cooled (I used cadbury dark cooking chocolate 70% cacao)
  • 1/4 cup baking cocoa (I used valhorna)
  • 4 large eggs, lightly beaten
  • GANACHE:
  • 2/3 cup (4 ounces) 60% cacao bittersweet chocolate baking chips (I used cadbury dark cooking chocolate 70% cacao)
  • 1/2 cup heavy whipping cream (I didn't have any, I susbtituted with evaporated milk)
  • 1 tablespoon sugar (I omitted this)

  1. Preheat oven to 325°. Place a greased 9-in. springform pan on a double thickness of heavy-duty foil (about 18 in. square). Securely wrap foil around pan.
  2. In a small bowl, combine cracker crumbs and sugar; stir in butter. Press onto the bottom of prepared pan. Place pan on a baking sheet. Bake 10 minutes. Cool on a wire rack.
  3. In a large bowl, beat cream cheese and sugar until smooth. Beat in cooled chocolate and cocoa. Add eggs; beat on low speed just until combined. Pour over crust. Place springform pan in a large baking pan; add 1 in. of boiling water to larger pan.
  4. Bake 55-60 minutes or until center is just set and top appears dull. Remove springform pan from water bath; remove foil. Cool cheesecake on a wire rack 10 minutes; loosen edges from pan with a knife. Cool 1 hour longer. Refrigerate overnight.
  5. For ganache, place chocolate in a small bowl. In a small saucepan, bring cream and sugar just to a boil. Pour over chocolate; whisk until smooth. Cool to reach a spreading consistency, stirring occasionally.
  6. Remove rim from pan. Spread ganache over cheesecake to within 1 in. of edge. Refrigerate 1 hour or until set. Yield: 16 servings.


http://www.tasteofhome.com/recipes/3d-chocolate-cheesecake

Friday, May 27, 2016

Banana Walnut Cake

Ok. Ni recipe campak2 and turned out to be sangat sedap according to my hubby yg fussy about his cakes. Aku malas nak menaip recipe Tapi in case next time dia mintak, Senang aku nak godek recipe kat Sini. Hehe...

Ingredients
250gram french butter
1 cup of caster sugar
2 large eggs
1/2 cup of milk
1 1/2 cup of mashed banana (I used dole)
2 tbs ground almond
1 tbs vanilla essence
2 cups self raising flour
1/2 cup of chopped walnut

1. Beat butter and sugar til fluffy
2. Add egg and beat until incorporate.
3. Add vanilla, milk and mashed banana. Mix well
4. Add flour and ground almond. Mix well. Add walnut and fold.
5. Pour in a 9" pan, bake at 180 degree celcius for 50~60 minutes.

Tuesday, March 1, 2016

Black Bottom Banana Bars

I love anything banana. Err... actually, thats not true. Banana supply is in abundance at home because hubby suka banana. Kalau nak diet, memang Bagus sebab 2 banana in the morning gives you enough energy to last til lunch.

Iffah pulak for the past few days asyik pester mama dia to bake someth8ling for her classmates. Maka, terpaksa la aku gagahkan diri utk bake. This is the 2nd time aku guna this recipe from taste.com.au. Asyik Lupa je nak update kat Sini.

Ingredients

1 cup butter, softened (salted)
1 cup sugar
2 egg
2 teaspoon vanilla extract
3 cups mashed ripe bananas (about 7 medium berangan)
3 cups all-purpose flour
2 teaspoon baking powder
2 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 cup baking cocoa
1/4 cup milk

Directions

1.In a large bowl, cream butter and sugar until light and fluffy. Beat in egg and vanilla. Stir in the bananas. Combine the flour, baking powder, baking soda; add to creamed mixture and mix well.

2.Divide batter in half. Add cocoa to half; spread into a greased 12x12inch. baking pan. Spoon remaining batter on top and swirl with a knife.

3.Bake at 350° for 25-35 minutes or until the a toothpick inserted near the center comes out clean. Cool on a wire rack. 

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Korean Cooking Class

Finally! Mina,  my korean sister in law decided to bukak korean cooking class.  Ni authentic korean food cooked by korean tau.  Haaa...  Sesapa yg berminat,  sila la telepon dia. 

KOREAN COOKING CLASS

Date : 6/2/2016
Venue : D'Pine Condo, Taman Cempaka (dekat dengan LRT cempaka)
Time : 10am

Menu : Toppoki (spicy rice cake) and Yachae Tigim (Fried Veges)

Fee : RM80

Contact : 0123050699 /Mina

Monday, January 18, 2016

Apple Cake

Urgh! Malas betul nak bake nowadays.  Once in a blue moon,  i would try out a new recipe.  Well,  on Saturday lepas,  the once in a blue moon happened. 

I love this apple cake sebab aku tak perlu guna mixer, and preparation time is only 10 mins.  Aku baked using bundt pan,  so grease pan je la.  Senang kerja. 

Ingredients

2 large eggs
1 cup veg oil (beat with eggs until foamy), add

1cup brown sugar
1 tsp vanilla (mix together), then add
2 cups flour
2 tsp cinnamon
1 tsp salt
1 tsp baking soda (mix all together) add
4 cups thinly peeled and sliced apples (about 4 – I use Granny Smith)

Frosting:
1 - 8oz pkg cream cheese, softened
3 TBL melted butter
1 tsp vanilla
1 cups powdered sugar

Instructions

Preheat oven to 350 degrees; grease and flour a 9 x 13 baking dish.

Add vegetable oil to eggs in mixer and beat until foamy.

Add the sugar and vanilla and mix.

Add the flour, cinnamon, salt and baking soda.Mix together.

Add thinly sliced apples by folding in with a spatula.The batter will be very thick.Bake for 40-50 minutes.

Sunday, November 15, 2015

Berries Yoghurt Bundt Cake

Come Saturday, I will need to crack my head, thinking what to bake to bring to our tafsir class. The good part is that, I can try new recipes! Walaupun kadang2 it will take me more than 1/2 a day of googling, and reading recipes.

Hari ni aku decided to cari cake yg menggunakan yoghurt sebab dalam peti ada satu tub yoghurt yg belum digunakan. And of course, dah expired! Hahaha.. Yes, I normally baked using expired yoghurt dlm peti sebab takmau membazir.

Berry Yoghurt Bundt Cake

Sixsister

Ingredients

2¼ cups all-purpose flour
1 tsp baking soda
1/2 tsp baking powder
2 tbs of lemon juice
Zest of 1 lemon
1 cup butter, softened
1 cup sugar
3 eggs
3/4 cup yoghurt
2 cups fresh raspberries/mixed berries
3 tablespoons flour

Raspberry Frosting

4 oz cream cheese (half of an 8 oz package), softened
2 tbs seedless raspberry jam or preserves
1/2 cup powdered sugar
3 tablespoons milk

Instructions

Preheat oven to 325 degrees. Grease and flour a bundt pan and set aside.

In a large bowl, mix together 2¼ cups flour, baking soda, baking powder and zest from lemon.

In a separate bowl, cream together butter and sugar until light and fluffy. Mix in eggs and lemon juice.

Add to flour mixture, then mix in yogurt.In a small bowl, toss fresh raspberries and flour together. Carefully fold them into the cake batter.

Pour batter into the bundt pan and bake for 50-60 minutes (or until a toothpick stuck in the middle comes out clean - mine took about 55 minutes).

Allow cake to cool in the pan for about 15 minutes and turn out onto a large plate. Let cake cool completely, then drizzle with frosting.

Frosting instructions:

In a small bowl, beat cream cheese and raspberry jam together. Add milk and powdered sugar (more or less of each until you reach the consistency you like) and drizzle over the top of the cake.

Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Cheese Stuffed Chocolate Cupcakes.

Akibat Mas and Nor yang teramat rajin baking,  maka aku pun terjebak sama.  This cupcakes memang seriously sedap.  Sedap dan sangat senang nak buat. 

Ingredients:

For the cupcakes:
2 cups (12 oz) semisweet chocolate chips, divided (aku guna beryls dark chocolate)
1 1/2 cups (6.61 ounces or 187 grams) all-purpose flour
1 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 cup granulated sugar
1/3 cup vegetable oil
1 large egg
1 teaspoon vanilla
1 cup warm water
1/4 tsp salt

For the cheesecake filling:
6 ounces cream cheese, at room temperature
1/4 cup granulated sugar
1 large egg
1/8 teaspoon salt

Directions:

For the cupcakes:
Preheat the oven to 350°F. Line two standard muffin tins with 16 paper liners.

Place 12oz of the chocolate chips in a small microwave-safe bowl and microwave on high for 45 seconds. Stir until smooth. If not completely melted, return to the microwave for 10 second bursts until smooth. Let cool.

In a medium bowl combine the flour, baking soda, and salt. In a large bowl vigorously whisk the sugar, oil, egg, and vanilla until well combined. Beat in the melted chocolate chips. Gradually add the flour mixture alternatively with the water. The batter will be thin.

For the filling:
In the bowl of an electric mixer beat the cream cheese, sugar, egg, and salt until creamy.

Fill each muffin cup quarter full. Spoon a tablespoon of the cream cheese filling over the batter. Spoon the remaining batter over the cream cheese filling. Bake for 20 to 25 minutes, or until a cake tester inserted in the center comes out clean. While still hot, sprinkle the soms chocolate chips onto the cupcakes. Let cool for 5 minutes, or until the chocolate chips are shiny, then spread to frost. Remove to wire racks to cool completely.

From Nestle Toll House

Monday, November 2, 2015

Kacang Pool

Akibat malas nak masak hari ni,  maka terpaksa la cook something simple.  Pepagi lagi aku dah keluarkan minced mutton.  Mula2 ingat nak masak patties utk hubby,  but since today dia tak sihat,  aku terpaksa masak something healthier for him. Eh! kacang pool healthy kan? hahahaha

Anyway,  kacang foul medammas tu aku beli kat Berkat Madinah Ampang. Kacang2 lain pun beli kat situ,  cheaper.  Sila google,  in syaa Allah jumpa the address.

Kacang Pool
Adapted from Mr Google

BAHAN-BAHANNYA :-)
300 gm minced mutton /beef
2 tin  foul medammas
1 tin baked bean
1 tin kacang kuda/chickpeas
2 camca besar rempah kari daging
1 tbs. chili flakes (optional)

*semua kacang tidak perlu ditoskan.

blend halus
1 tsp ketumbar -  sangai
1 tsp jintan manis -  sangai
1 tsp lada hitam
2 biji bwg besar
5 ulas bawang putih
1 inci halia
Garam dan gula secukup rasa
2 camca besar minyak sapi
Minyak untuk menumis

BAHAN-BAHAN LAIN :-)
Roti
Bawang besar - dadu
Tomato - dadu
Cili hijau/cili merah, dipotong

CARA MEMBUATNYA :-)

1. Panaskan kuali,  masukkan minyak dan  minyak sapi.  Tumis. bahan blend sampai garing. 

2. Masukkan rempah kari dan 1/4 cawan. air.  Apabila rempah garing,  masukkan minced mutton.  Masak hingga mutton kering.  Masukkan baked beans,  chickpea,  foul medammas bersama air dalam tin. 

3. Masukkan garam,  gula.  Masak dengan menggunakan api perlahan selama 10-15 min. Jika  kacang pool terlalu pekat,  boleh masukkan sedikit air panas.

4. Hidangkan bersama telur mata lembu,  bawang dadu,  tomato  dadu,  cili hijau dan sedikit cili sos jika suka. 

Monday, October 26, 2015

Chicken and Pumpkins Curry

This recipe is a hit among my family members.  Mula2,  aku nampak this blogger,  cafedelites,  on IG.  Gambar2 dia memang lawa sangat.  Tengah scroll down,  tiba2 ternampak la her curry chicken.  Peh! terus jatuh hati.  Kebetulan aku beli sebijik pumpkin besar from tesco online (yes,  aku suka shopping kat tesco online).  So,  apa lagi,  terus la aku masak this dish.  Sedap sangat sampai hubby requested  the same dish the next day. 

CHICKEN AND BUTTERNUT SQUASH CURRY

INGREDIENTS

2-3 tablespoon ghee or coconut oil
2 large onion, chopped
1 medium carrot, peeled and diced
1 whole chicken,  cut into 20 pieces
4 cloves garlic, crushed
3 tablespoons curry paste
1 teaspoon garam masala (optional)
4 cups (600g) ready diced Butternut squash/pumpkin
200g green beans, trimmed
500ml can coconut milk
1/2 cup water
2 tablespoon coconut sugar (or brown sugar)
Salt to taste
Fresh coriander leaves, green chilies to serve

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Heat the ghee (or coconut oil) in a large pan/skillet on high heat. Sauté the onion and carrot until the onion becomes soft and transparent. Add the chicken and fry until just beginning to brown. Add the garlic, curry paste and garam masala (if using), stirring together quickly to blend in the heat of the pan for about a minute until fragrant.

2. Add the butternut pieces and green beans; keep cooking while stirring occasionally for 5 minutes. Stir the coconut milk and water through the ingredients and bring to a simmer.

3. Reduce heat to low; add in the sugar and salt to your taste (I use about 1 teaspoon), and continue to simmer for about 10-15 minutes, or until the pumpkin pieces have softened. (If you prefer a creamier pumpkin curry sauce, simmer for 5-10 minutes longer until the pumpkin has completely melted through the sauce. YUM.Serve over cauliflower rice (or rice of your choice).

Thursday, October 8, 2015

Mackerel in Tomato Sauce

Memang dah lama aku nak beli electric pressure cooker tapi rasa macam sayang duit nak spend so much on a pressure cooker.  Tapikan,  without pressure cooker,  I need to spend so much time kat dapur.  Sometimes,  penat sangat.  Ye la,  rebus daging or tulang berjam2 nak tunggu empuk.  So, malas nak pikir panjang,  aku pun beli je noxxa. 

Initially nak beli Phillips,  sebab cheaper kalau beli on Lazada.  Tapi pot Phillips smaller,  6Litre. Noxxa bigger,  8Litre. Alasan yg tak berapa kukuh untuk. beli. Noxxa,  tapi beli jugak.  hahaha.. 

Angway,  aku dapat je noxxa,  terus rasmikan by cooking sup ekor.  Then semalam, aku buat mackerel in tomato sauce sebab ada fresh fish. We went back to Terengganu last weekend.  Tu yang rajin nak buat mackerel in tomato sauce. 

Mackerel in Tomato Sauce

Ingredients
2kg kembung/mackerel  or boleh guna sardine,  cleaned,  buang kepala
2 bijik bwg besar
5 ulas bawang putih
2 inci halia
1 can kimball tomato paste
1 cup kimball chili sauce
2 bijik tomato - diced
1/2 cup sugar
2 tsp salt

cara2
1. blend bwg besar,  bwg putih and halia.
2. panaskan 4-5 tbs minyak,  tumis bahan blend sampai garing.  masukkan tomato yg dah diced,  tomato paste,  chili sauce,  garam dan gula
3. masukkan ikan dan sauce ke dalam periuk noxxa.. cook for 75 mins under high pressure.